North Korean Human Rights Act (from Japanese Law)
This law, building upon the “Resolution on the Situation
of Human Rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of
Korea (North Korea)” passed by the United Nations General
Assembly on December 16th 2005, and taking into consideration
the human rights violations committed by North Korea, which are
of pressing importance to Japan, including abductions, which
require the cooperation of the international community to resolve,
while at the same time recognizing the importance of increasing
public awareness of North Korean human rights issues, aims to
clarify the North Korean human rights situation and deter human
rights abuses in cooperation with the international community.
II. Responsibility of National Government
1. To make the fullest effort possible to resolve the issue
of abduction of Japanese nationals to North Korea (hereafter
referred to as the abduction issue), a crime committed by the
North Korean authorities.
2. To actively seek out information from the public, as well
as to conduct thorough investigations, in order to determine
the fate of actual or suspected Japanese abductees, and to do
everything possible to bring about their return to Japan.
3. To endeavor to enhance the awareness of the public and to
determine the North Korean human rights situation, including
with respect to the abduction issue.
III. Responsibility of Local Authorities
To enhance the awareness of the public, in cooperation with
the national government, of the North Korean human rights situation,
including with respect to the abduction issue.
IV. North Korean Human Rights Awareness Week
1.North Korean Human Rights Awareness Week will be held in order
to increase the interest and awareness of the public in North
Korean human rights issues, including the abduction issue.
2.North Korean Human Rights Awareness Week will be held from
December 10th to 16th.
3.The Japanese national government and/or the local authorities
will undertake to hold suitable events for North Korean Human
The government will present a yearly report in the Diet on its
actions related to North Korean human rights, including the abduction
issue, and will make its report available to the public.
Strengthening of International Partnerships
1.To establish proper policies for assisting Japanese nationals
actually abducted or suspected to have been abducted by the North
Korean authorities, defectors from North Korea (those who have
fled North Korea and are in need of protection and humanitarian
assistance) and other victims having their human rights violated
by the North Korean authorities, the government will exchange
information with foreign governments and through international
mechanisms, and increase cooperation with international investigation
agencies and other international partnerships, while securing
close partnerships with domestic and foreign citizens’ groups
engaged in activities for assisting the aforesaid people.
2.The government will endeavor to introduce policies whose aim
is to provide protection and assistance to defectors from North
Korea (as defined above).
3.The government will endeavor to engage in information-sharing
with citizens’ groups, as well as provide financial and
other assistance as necessary.
Provisions in the event that the North Korean
situation does not improve
Should the situation with regard to the abduction of Japanese
nationals, and other grave human rights abuses concerning the
Japanese people fail to improve, the Japanese government will,
while broadly taking into consideration the international community’s
response to the violation of human rights by North Korea, take
necessary measures to protect its citizens against such violations,
such as the Special Measures Law denying entry to passenger ships
(2004, Law No. 125 3(1)) and the Foreign Exchange and Foreign
Trade Law (1949, Law No. 228 10(1)).
Note: This law is effective as of the date of publication.